Many mountain birds

White-tailed Ptarmigan

Find the White-tailed Ptarmigan sitting among the rocks in Rocky Mountain National Park. Start at the very center and search in circles of increasing size for its small eye and brown and white feathers. Photo by Barb Gorges.

Published Sept. 27, 2015, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle, “Many mountain birds mean summer of no regrets”

By Barb Gorges

This fall I have no summer regrets. I made it to the mountains several times.

For me, the best reason for living in the West is access to mountains—living within commuting distance of timberline.

From Cheyenne, the alpine tundra along Trail Ridge Road in Rocky Mountain National Park is about two hours away, as are the trailheads for the Snowy Range in the Medicine Bow National Forest.

The national park was my introduction to mountains when I was 6 years old. I had traveled from Wisconsin with my parents and grandparents on the occasion of my uncle’s graduation from University of Colorado. This year the occasion was his memorial, and I was helping introduce his 6- and 3-year-old grandchildren to mountains.

The Snowies, on the other hand, I found on my own, when the lotto game that is federal seasonal work brought me to Wyoming. I was lucky this summer to visit three times, twice above 10,000 feet.

On Father’s Day afternoon it was rather appalling to see the traffic on Rocky Mountain’s Trail Ridge Road, amplified by the park’s 100th anniversary celebration.

It’s a pilgrimage. At every comfort station, one parks and walks a trail out into the landscape. But other than a selfie with magnificent mountains in the background, I’m not sure if many of the pilgrims know what they are seeking as the stiff wind makes them shiver in their tank tops, short shorts and flip flops.

A few weeks later in mid-July, all of us on the Audubon field trip at least knew exactly what miracles to look for as pilgrims hurried past us.

We wanted to see the sparrow-like American pipits. It’s hard to pick them out from the litter of rocks and plethora of wildflowers. But soon we recognized their calls and realized they were all around us.

Our other goal was the white-tailed ptarmigan—high-altitude relative of sage-grouse—which turns white in winter and brown in summer. Except that in July, the birds are really just a mottled/speckled brown and white, matching perfectly those lichen-encrusted rocks scattered all around.

We found the location of the previous e-Bird sighting of a ptarmigan and resigned ourselves to examining every rock along the way, knowing that unless the wind ruffled the bird’s feathers or it decided to move, we might never see it. But we were joined by a birding tour leader on her day off, as well as two other hikers who were lucky enough to find a hen taking a stroll and who pointed it out. There are some advantages to crowds.

A week later in the Snowies, Mark and I took one of the trails starting at Brooklyn Lake, expecting many fewer people.

But a file of at least 40 teenagers from a Midwestern church passed us, toting serious backpacking equipment. I like to think that, like the crowds in Rocky Mountain, these people will become supporters for preserving this country’s wild lands.

The wonderful wildflower displays made up for a lack of birds on this first Snowies trip, but three weeks later, on an Audubon chapter hike, things were reversed. The wildflowers were waning, but the birds were gathering, and we were the big group, 15 people between the ages of 10 months and 75 years old.

We never hit tree line, only getting as far as the trees growing in isolated islands. Gobs of ruby-crowned kinglets flitted in and out of the branches of Engelmann spruce. Three mountain chickadees carried their conversation to the outer branches where we could see them clearly. Pine grosbeaks, larger versions of our house finches in town, were busy grooming their feathers in plain sight. Young spotted sandpipers, their bodies mere halos of stiff white fuzz perched on impossibly long legs, scrabbled after their parent, negotiating the rubble at the foot of a snowfield still melting and providing the watery habitat they needed.

Juncos were flashing their white outer-tail feathers everywhere. Soon, we will see them down in town.

Not only did the 10,000-foot elevation offer its usual respite from summer heat, but puffy clouds, dead ringers for snow clouds, sailed by on cold wind, keeping us in our winter jackets, which we were experienced enough to bring. Birdwatchers just don’t hike hard enough to warm up, and this day there were 17 species of birds making the 3-mile round trip take more than four hours.

Back at the parking lot, the fall feeling, stirred by the wind and the gathering birds, was amplified by realizing the meadow grasses had gone to seed and turned brown—in early August.

Now fall is finally here at lower elevations.

Summer is such a fleeting season at high altitude, but at least this year, I didn’t let it pass me by.

Bird of the Week: Green-winged Teal

Green-winged Teal

Green-winged Teal. Photo by Pete Arnold.

Identified best by the wing-shaped green crescent on the male’s head, this smallest of North America’s dabbling ducks is regularly seen on Cheyenne’s lakes. It eats insect larvae and seeds of grasses and sedges. While scientists label the male’s sounds during courtship as whistles, grunts and burps, the female only quacks. Researchers note this is the only duck that can scratch its bill with its foot—while in flight.

Published Sept. 30, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Cinnamon Teal

Cinnamon Teal

Cinnamon Teal. Photo by Pete Arnold.

This small, dabbling-type duck (duck species dabbling in shallow water for seeds and aquatic creatures versus diving duck species) breeds only in western North America. The males and non-breeding females head south in late summer. Breeding females and young follow in early fall in small groups, often with other dabbling duck species. New breeding pairs will form on the wintering grounds in Mexico and further south.

Published Sept. 22, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Pied-billed Grebe

Pied-billed Grebe

Pied-billed Grebe. Photo by Pete Arnold.

This waterbird, often seen locally, is not a duck. It is especially fond of diving after crayfish, frogs, fish and insects. If spooked, it will clap its chicks under its wings and dive or, without chicks, it may just sink out of sight, with only its nostrils and eyes above water. Awkward on land, grebe feet have unique adaptations for underwater propulsion. Because it migrates by night, this grebe often collides with communications towers.

Published Sept. 16, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine Falcon. Photo by Pete Arnold.

Taken to the edge of extinction in North America because of pesticide poisoning after World War II, a ban on DDT and restoration work took the peregrine off the Endangered Species List in 1999. This cliff nester feels at home in urban landscapes where it has been reintroduced. It is seen occasionally at Cheyenne’s city limits as it migrates through here in spring and fall, preying on ducks and other waterbirds at high speed.

Published Sept. 9, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Barn Swallow

Barb Swallow

Barn Swallow. Photo by Pete Arnold.

This is the most abundant swallow. Found throughout the world, it has, over the last 2000 years, almost entirely given up placing its daubed-mud, gourd-shaped nest structures on cliffs in favor of bridges and eaves. It will continue to forage for insects as it heads south this month. So many barn swallows were killed to decorate women’s hats that George Bird Grinnell wrote an 1886 editorial that led to establishment of the first Audubon Society.

Published Sept. 2, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Chipping Sparrow

Chipping Sparrow

Chipping Sparrow. Photo by Pete Arnold.

This LBJ, “Little Brown Job,” is easy to pick out because of its rufous, or reddish brown, crown and it also calls its name, “chip, chip, chip.” Its only song is a one-note trill. Flocks around here are heading south to Texas and the southeast to join the rest of their species that don’t migrate. Scientists are puzzled because this bird, like many, molts twice a year, getting a fresh set of feathers, but it grows new feathers on its face up to six times a year.

Published Sept. 24, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Wilson’s Warbler

Wilson's Warbler

Wilson’s Warbler. Photo by Pete Arnold.

Look carefully among the yellow leaves for this small bird as it hops from branch to branch, gleaning spiders and other creepy-crawlies. We see it in Cheyenne during spring and fall migration, when it is between breeding as far north as willow-filled Alaskan streams and wintering as far south as Panama. When traveling, warblers feed during the day and fly at night. Studies show this most abundant of the warblers is declining, affected by pesticides and loss and degradation of breeding habitat.

Published Sept. 17, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove. Photo by Pete Arnold.

The dove cooing mournfully and eating millet seed in your backyard this spring and summer is now heading south just as the hunting season opens in Wyoming. It is harvested across the U.S. more often than all game birds put together. However, hunting only affects 7 percent of a population numbering 350 million. When the female builds the nest, the male helps by landing on her back to pass her another twig. Parents fed the young squabs “crop milk,” from their crops, part of their digestive systems.

Published Sept. 1, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.