Bird of the Week: Cedar Waxwing

12-08 Cedar Waxwing by Pete Arnold

Cedar Waxwing. Photo by Pete Arnold.

To tell this bird from the Bohemian Waxwing, look for its whitish undertail feathers and yellowish belly. Nomadic in the search for sugary fruit, its foraging success shows in the number of red waxy tips on its wings. This North American bird nests along streams in Wyoming where it finds insects to feed its young. Alcohol intoxication from fermented fruits of trees and shrubs planted close to windows and roads often makes it a victim of collisions.

Published Dec. 23, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Bohemian Waxwing

12-07 Bohemian Waxwing by Pete Arnold

Bohemian Waxwing. Photo by Pete Arnold.

To tell this bird from the Cedar Waxwing, look for its cinnamon-colored undertail feathers and gray belly. Nomadic flocks seek sugar-filled fruits, remembering productive sites from year to year. They flock so well that they are not territorial even when breeding in boreal forests around the world. They have no true songs since singing is usually used to establish territory. They are seen in Cheyenne only in winter, and only occasionally.

Published Dec. 16, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Black-capped Chickadee

12-06 Black-capped Chickadee by Pete Arnold

Black-capped Chickadee. Photo by Pete Arnold.

Though common on Christmas cards and in the decorative arts, we aren’t as likely to see this chickadee in Cheyenne as we are the Mountain Chickadee with its white eyebrows. In winter half its diet comes from gleaning insects and spiders from vegetation and half from seeds and berries, plus a little fat from dead animals. It usually carries each food item away to cache it in a separate location, such as a crevice in tree bark.

Published Dec. 9, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Common Raven

12-05 Common Raven by Pete Arnold

Common Raven. Photo by Pete Arnold.

Though six inches longer, ravens are hard to tell from crows until they flare their tails, showing wedge shapes rather than rounded shapes. Or maybe you’ll notice the long throat feathers. They hunt live meat, scavenge carrion, steal eggs and pick insects, grain, fruit and garbage. The young play with objects to learn what is food and what isn’t. They learn to cache food and cover it with objects to hide it from other ravens.

Published Dec. 2, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Eurasian Collared-Dove

12-04 Eurasian Collraed-Dove by Pete Arnold

Eurasian Collared-Doves. Photo by Pete Arnold.

These recently introduced doves haven’t learned to migrate, but they seem to withstand the winter, especially if you put out millet for them. It’s the young birds’ habit of traveling long distances that has dispersed the population so quickly, along with help from hunters. It’s not clear yet if they will be a detriment to North American farmers as they are in Eurasia, or how well native mourning doves will compete.

Published Dec. 31, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: Mountain Chickadee

12-03 Mountain Chickadee by Pete Arnold

Mountain Chickadee. Photo by Pete Arnold.

Chickadees are one of the quintessential Christmas card birds, but you probably won’t see ours with the distinctive white eyebrows unless it visits your feeder or you visit its favorite western pine and spruce-fir forests. It is very attached to its social group of several pairs of chickadees, abiding by group rules. It learns early to wait its turn for a chance to grab a sunflower seed at your feeder.

Published Dec. 24, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Feed winter birds for fun


An American Goldfinch (left) and a Lesser Goldfinch (right) share a thistle feeder on a snowy day in Cheyenne, Wyoming. Photo by Barb Gorges.

Published Dec. 6, 2015, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle, “Feed winter birds for fun.”

By Barb Gorges

Feeding birds in your backyard is a time-honored tradition. It makes a great gateway to building your interest in birds. But there are a few things you should keep in mind if you decide to put up a feeder.

Birds don’t need our food. They are good at finding natural food. Don’t worry if you don’t have food out for them every day, although being consistent means you are more likely to see interesting birds.

Bird feeding is really about enjoying the birds, so put your feeders close to windows you look out of often. Be sure to put them close so that birds won’t hit your windows at high speed when leaving your feeder.

Keep your feeding operation affordable. I’ve had people complain bird seed is expensive. But it’s up to you how much seed to put out and how often. Fill feeders at the time of day you can enjoy watching the birds.

Never put out more feeders than you can keep clean, or clean up after. Feeders can get gunky and can spread diseases. Every couple weeks, clean them with soap and water, maybe a little bleach, and rinse well. If you see a sick bird, don’t put the feeders back up for a week. We usually don’t feed in the summer because even more disgusting stuff grows in feeder debris.

Be sure to keep the seed hulls swept up every few days, or think about feeding hulled sunflower seeds.

Don’t be cheap. Rather than the bags of mixed seed, go for the black-oil sunflower seed. Seed mixes often contain filler seed—or at least seed that birds around here won’t eat—and you’ll just be sweeping it up anyway. Black oil sunflower seed attracts a wide variety of seed-eating birds. Buy the 40-pound sack at the feed store for a better price per pound. If it still seems too expensive, feed only the amount you can afford each day.

Leave the cats indoors. There are many reasons cats should live indoors fulltime, including their health and safety, but really, is it fair to invite birds to your yard where a predator lurks? The feeder may be on a pole or hanging above the cat, but certain birds prefer to feed on the spilled seed on the ground.

On the other hand, if a neighbor cat stakes out your yard, you can make sure the area around the feeder has no place for a cat to hide. I’ve also heard of putting up a 2-foot high wire fence around the feeder, maybe at a radius of about 6 feet. The time it takes the predator to jump the fence gives the birds enough advanced warning to get out of the way.

Offer variety. Some birds like tube-style and hopper feeders. Others that prefer feeding on the ground can learn to use a shelf feeder. Consider nyjer thistle, which is expensive, but use a special feeder for it designed with smaller seed ports or ports that are below the perches, something goldfinches and chickadees can handle but others can’t. Add a suet or seed cake. It may help draw in woodpeckers and chickadees. Offer peanuts and you may get blue jays—and squirrels.

Don’t clean up your flowerbeds in the fall. The seed-eating birds attracted to your feeders will enjoy the seed heads. Plus, tree leaves, while providing mulch, may also provide a variety of eggs of insects (many beneficial) that the birds enjoy picking over.

On a frigid day, have open water in a birdbath. It is almost more attractive than food. Find some kind of shallow bowl, preferably with sloping sides, which won’t break if the water freezes. It should be easy to bring in the house to thaw out. Or get an electric heater designed for birdbaths or dog water dishes.

For more detailed feeding information, go to my archives at Look for “Bird feeding” in the list of topics.

Study your visitors. From your feeder-watching window, scan your trees and shrubs and garden beds to see if you can get a glimpse of more than house finches and house sparrows, especially in the spring. Of the 85 species I’ve seen in or above our yard, I’ve recorded 27 from November through March, prime feeder season.

Share your bird sightings at, or for $18, this winter you can take part in Project FeederWatch, It isn’t too late to sign up. You get a nifty bird calendar poster and a handbook. Even if you don’t participate, the website is full of information about bird feeding and feeder birds.

Have fun. However, if you find it isn’t fun, take down the feeders. Reduce your stress by going for a walk and enjoy the birds along the way.

Bird of the Week: Red-breasted Nuthatch


12-02 Red-breasted Nuthatch by Pete Arnold

Red-breasted Nuthatch. Photo by Pete Arnold.

In our area, this nuthatch spends the summer in the mountains, nesting in rotten trees in holes it excavates itself. In winter it comes down to join us, its nasal “yank, yank” call heard wherever we’ve put bird feeders out or we have big trees that need to have insect and spider larvae and eggs cleaned off. Watch as it climbs up and down tree trunks and around large branches.

Published Dec. 17, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Pete Arnold.

Bird of the Week: American Tree Sparrow

12-01 American_Tree_Sparrow-by Elizabeth Boehm

American Tree Sparrow. Photo by Elizabeth Boehm.

After a summer in remote, shrubby northern Canada and Alaska, this sparrow flies here, where it should be named the snowbird. It follows heavy snowstorms, beats weeds with its wings and retrieves the fallen seed from the snow’s surface, eats snow for moisture and, when the weather is extreme, a bunch will roost together under a layer of snow to keep warm.

Published Dec. 10, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle. Text by Barb Gorges, photo by Elizabeth Boehm.