Bird flashcards get technological twist

Wyoming Bird Flashcards CD

The Wyoming Bird Flashcards CD, though formatted in HTML, was designed for teachers to print out 8.5 x 11-inch bird flashcards, complete with species information on the back. CD project designed by Barb Gorges.

Published Aug. 9, 2001, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle, “Bird flashcards get a technological twist.”

2014 Update: I was able to successfully make the CD of flashcards and other bird education information with the help of about 40 other people volunteering their expertise. These days, even though there is so much information about birds online, my Audubon chapter still uses 8.5 x 11-inch flashcards occasionally when teaching bird i.d. classes.

By Barb Gorges

The Wyoming Game and Fish Commission has approved a “Wildlife Worth the Watching” grant to Audubon Wyoming for a joint educational project titled, “Wyoming Bird Flashcards.”

So yours truly, the (unpaid) project coordinator, has to get to work.

The first task is to find photos of 30 more species of birds.

Back in January I perused Game and Fish’s slide bank and found images of the 55 other species we’ll be considering as “Wyoming’s most noticeable birds.”

If you or anyone you know takes pictures of birds, please call or e-mail me for the list. I can use clear slides, prints and maybe even digital images (I’ll have to check with the technical guru).

Everyone who donates an image will be listed in the credits.

“Flashcards?” you’re thinking. Well, with a twist.

When I first started visiting classrooms to introduce birds before leading field trips, I took a slide projector. But it took almost as long to set up the equipment as it did to give the talk. And it’s hard to interact with a class when they are sitting in the dark.

So a few years ago when someone gave me an Audubon calendar, I started my collection of 8×10-inch bird flashcards.

Unlike slides, flashcards can be viewed without equipment. They can be passed around, grouped by type, compared side by side, put up on the board or set up in a tree.

As I was blowing up pictures from my field guide one day at Kinko’s to fill in some gaps (copies for educational or personal use are legal), I ran into Chris Madson, editor of “Wyoming Wildlife,” and I had a flash of inspiration.

Game and Fish probably had lots of bird pictures! Perhaps we could prepare bird flashcards to distribute to educators around the state.

But I found out traditional printing of large color pictures on cardstock is prohibitively expensive. Even the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, when I talked to them, said it was too costly.

Then I had another “aha” moment, derived from my student teaching experience. Modern textbooks now provide worksheet and test masters on CD-ROM so the teacher can print out what they need, and perhaps print out flashcards of just the birds the class will study before a field trip.

CD images can be viewed on computer, of course, so teachers may choose to use them in the computer lab, and community educators can use them with computers hooked up to projectors, as I have done at Laramie County Community College.

So I started looking into the technical angle of producing CDs. I took a giant shortcut last October when I attended the Wyoming Literacy Conference here in Cheyenne and met Joe LaFleur, the author of the Better Birdwatching CD-ROMs.

He did all the technical work on his CDs, and he is a wildlife biologist. What luck!

Then I asked Audubon Wyoming to be the organizational sponsor when I applied for grants and so here we are.

The project will be more than just 85 pretty bird pictures. We’ll also have information on each species, a list of birding hotspots around the state, species lists for different habitat types (so teachers can figure out what birds to study for their area or field trip) and a list of bird-related resources and how to find them. This is where birders around the state can contribute to the project.

However, instructional materials are practically useless in Wyoming these days if they haven’t been translated as ways to fulfill state educational standards.

So along with flashcard activity ideas and lesson plans will be correlations to standards, not only in science, but geography, math, language arts, and maybe even music. Anyone out there working on their Master’s in curriculum design need a project?

Finally, what Game and Fish has learned is, don’t send valuable instructional materials out to every school or teacher, unsolicited. It’s like giving away puppies. They’ll be perceived as more valuable and more desirable, and treated better, if you ask, say, $25 each.

So Audubon Wyoming and Game and Fish plan to show teachers how to use the flashcards in workshops offered for recertification credit next summer and every participant will get their own Wyoming Bird Flashcards CD.

Each Wyoming school district will get one for their instructional materials center, too, as well as Audubon chapters, bird clubs and any education-minded, non-profit organizations that request one.

Perhaps we’ll have to send a CD to Cornell.

I love synergy, when seemingly unrelated things we know suddenly realign and combine to become something new and useful.


Bird migration versus snow

Blue Jay

Many migrating birds get caught in spring snowstorms. Blue Jay photo courtesy of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Published May 3, 2001, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle, “Humans, too, flock together during springtime snowstorms.”

2014 Update: The Wyoming state Audubon office has recently become a part of the Audubon Rockies regional office located in Fort Collins, Colo.

By Barb Gorges

Birds that migrate across Wyoming dodging spring snowstorms have my admiration now that I’ve had a similar experience.

The weather was iffy when I headed out for Cody for the state Audubon board meeting two weeks ago this Friday. At Casper I carpooled with another board member, and we began to hit showers, snow or rain–it was hard to tell.

By Saturday morning the hills around Cody had snow, and mountains did too, although clouds closed off views of the peaks. We slipped over snowy roads to visit the Beartooth Ranch on the Clark’s Fork of the Yellowstone River, site of a new Audubon education center.

Other than a few intrepid blackbirds, we saw no little birds at the ranch, just an immature golden eagle and an osprey.

Then we had a five-hour meeting in a windowless room back at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, on behalf of Wyoming birds.

Eventually it was early evening, and we were threading our way through showers and slush back to Casper.

I avoid highway driving at night, but I had no idea my plans to stay over in Casper also would obligate me to spend Sunday night away from home.

Birds were flying in the falling snow in Casper when I left Sunday. A flock of Franklin’s gulls passed over me by Glenrock. By early afternoon, just as the ice started building up on the windshield wipers, I was stopped by the highway gate at Chugwater, only 45 miles from home.

It was like a fallout of birds during migration, only some of us were trying to migrate south and others north. We all came to roost at Horton’s Corner convenience store and gas station, at the back, by the two public phones where we took turns calling home.

While waiting for the road to open again, we huddled over cups of hot chocolate and famous chili while exchanging stories like passengers on a cross-country bus.

No matter how frustrated we felt–college students, grandmothers, mothers, families, turkey hunters and trout fishermen–hanging out in a warm, dry building, however tedious, beat sitting alone in a cold car by the side of the road.

Kinds of birds used to flocking together, huddling deep in bushes for warmth, survive a snowstorm better than those independent meadowlarks whose frozen bodies we find out on the prairie afterward.

I wonder if some birds that don’t normally share communal roosts will in times of meteorlogical adversity. We stranded travellers did.

Over at the Chugwater Community Center, after a spaghetti dinner orchestrated by the director, a video on the big-screen TV and plenty of camaraderie over jigsaw puzzles and card games, 40 or more of us rolled up in the center’s blankets or our own, and slept on the floor.

Later, through an unshaded window, by a yard light’s illumination, I could watch the pantomime of wind harrassing tree branches.

Inside I listened to the contented night sounds of the baby belonging to the family next to me. We were so lucky that what was built to benefit the locals could benefit us wayfarers as well. Thank you, Chugwaterians.

Cheyenne is like that for the birds. We have so many bird feeders and yards planted with protective trees and shrubs. Spring storms bring a lot of interesting migrants here that otherwise might fly over—as travelers have been known to bypass Chugwater.

Besides planting cover and providing food, there’s one other favor we can provide: Protect the unwary visitor from local hazards.

May 12 is “Keep Your Cat Inside Day,” sponsored by the American Bird Conservancy (

But every day should be “Take Your Cat Out On a Leash Day” for the peace of mind of us cat owners and for the longevity of both cats and birds.

Meanwhile, wipe the dust (or snow) off your binoculars and get outside yourself. The annual migration extravaganza has already begun.

Important Bird Areas in Wyoming and Cheyenne

IBA sign 1

This is one of three signs at the Wyoming Hereford Ranch, a Wyoming Important Bird Area located outside Cheyenne, Wyoming. Photo by Barb Gorges

Published Apr. 5, 2009, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle, “Wyoming has 48 places that are important to birds”

2014 Update: The number of approved Wyoming IBAs as of 2013 is 44. Find Alison Lyon-Holloran, and information about Audubon in Wyoming, at the Audubon Rockies office, in Fort Collins, Colo.,

By Barb Gorges

Spring means a birder’s thoughts turn to migration and those hotspots where birds will be thickest.

Some spring hotspots are on a national list of Important Bird Areas. Two of those IBAs are right here in Cheyenne. No entrance fees required.

BirdLife International has identified places important to birds on every continent, in 100 countries and territories. Places like Fiji, Romania and Peru. They work with local agencies to help implement conservation and education plans.

In 1995, the National Audubon Society became the sponsoring organization for the IBA program in the U.S. While some places are rated as globally important, such as Yellowstone National Park, others are recognized as important at the national and state level.

Audubon Wyoming has recognized 48 places as important to birds in our state so far. Coordinator Alison Lyon-Holloran is still taking nominations. Contact her at Check to see which sites are already in the program.

What makes a place important to birds? It is important to birds during migration, and/or breeding and/or wintering seasons for one or more species, meaning birds can find food, shelter and water and whatever else they require during a particular season. Alison also requires approval from the landowner before reviewing the nomination.

Nominating Lions Park was a no-brainer for my local chapter, Cheyenne – High Plains Audubon Society. We have people traveling to Cheyenne from a 200-mile radius because the park’s trees, shrubs and lake attract so many species during spring migration. At the mid-May peak one year I counted 60 species in two hours.

The nomination stalled at first when the ornithologists on the technical committee countered that we only saw a lot of birds at the park because a lot of people birded there. Yes, but we could probably find the same diversity and abundance of songbirds, if not the waterfowl, in all of the old neighborhoods. We couldn’t very well walk through everyone’s yard.


IBA sign 2

Another informational sign at the Wyoming Hereford Ranch. Photo by Barb Gorges

CHPAS continues to monitor the park’s bird life through seasonal surveys and evaluates the impacts of new park developments.

The Wyoming Hereford Ranch has had a long and friendly relationship with the local birding community. Anna Marie and Sloan Hales welcome inspection by binocular, as long as no one disturbs the livestock, hops the fences or intrudes on the residents of the ranch.

Again, I’d venture to say that other properties along cottonwood-filled creeks in southeastern Wyoming might have similar abundance and diversity. The difference is the Hales.

Not only have they welcomed birders, but they were thrilled to be part of the nomination process. They’ve worked with the Laramie County Conservation District to improve wildlife habitat and in cooperation with Audubon Wyoming to install this spring educating visitors about why their ranch is an IBA. The Hales have also created a little nature trail.

The ranch, as an oasis of wildness on the edge of Cheyenne, will only become more and more important a refuge as high density housing and commercial enterprises continue to move into their neighborhood. Who knew more than 100 years ago when the ranch was established people would want to build houses in cow pastures 10 miles from the State Capitol building?

IBA sign 3

The third sign at the Wyoming Hereford Ranch Important Bird Area. Photo by Barb Gorges

IBA designation doesn’t bind any landowner to any course of action. But it does make people aware that their actions will have an impact on birds. It make us stop and think about beings besides ourselves and we get back to the original question: Does a bird have any value if you aren’t a birdwatcher?

Sometimes it has an obvious usefulness, such as keeping pests under control. If nothing else, birds are a part of nature and contact with nature is being scientifically proven to improve our mental health.

With the onset of spring and many of us are looking for excuses to get outside. Here in Cheyenne we don’t have to travel to Important Bird Areas, even our local ones, to see special birds. We just need to keep our eyes and ears open in our own backyards.

Grouse geology: find grouse, find oil

Greater Sage-Grouse

The Greater Sage-Grouse lives in sagebrush, which almost always grows atop Wyoming’s best oil and gas drilling prospects. Photo courtesy of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Published April 2, 2008, in the Wyoming Tribune Eagle, “How to get energy and save our sage grouse: Difficult task lies ahead to keep both resources valuable in Cowboy State.”

2014 Update: Accommodating sage-grouse continues to be a work in progress. The Audubon Wyoming office has now been rolled into the Audubon Rockies regional office in Fort Collins, Colo.,

By Barb Gorges

Is geology destiny? Geology is rocks. A particular weathered rock makes a particular kind of soil which, with water, grows particylar vegetation. Particular vegetation feeds and shelters particular animals.

Thus, a geologic formation rich in oil and gas can be associated with certain wildlife species.

Using overlays last month at the Cheyenne – High Plains Audubon Society meeting, Alison Lyon-Holloran, conservation program manager for Audubon Wyoming, showed Wyoming’s oil, gas and coalbed methane fields almost perfectly align with greater sage-grouse habitat.

The sagebrush ecosystem, on which the grouse is entirely dependent, stretches across Wyoming in a wide swath from the northeast to the southwest, avoiding the mountains in the northwest and the grasslands of the southeast.

If you have not driven across the state, it may be hard to believe that so many acres of sagebrush exist, from the ankle-high species on the dry hills to the small forests along riparian (stream) corridors.

It’s hard to believe sage-grouse are so dependent on sage, from hiding their nests in a straggly old stand to grazing on the buds while keeping an eye out for predatory golden eagles.

It’s hard to believe a chicken-like 6-pound male or 3-pound female is so shy and easily distracted that the U.S. Bureau of Land Management’s drilling stipulations provide, on average, a 2-mile buffer zone around a lek during breeding season.

Those leks are collections of as many as 50-150 males, each spreading spikey tail feathers, popping white-feathered neck sacs and defending small territories. The females stroll through, looking for the best genetic material which, Alison said, may be the same one or two males for all of them.

Someone in the audience asked how sage-grouse are doing. Fine, Alison said, away from the energy development areas. Two wet years have really made a difference in what was a general decline during drought years. However, despite the moisture, they are not doing well in energy areas. It’s too crowded and noisy.

Several energy companies have committed millions of dollars to provide offsite mitigation for wildlife and other land users who have lost the use of lands now in oil and gas production.

It would be nice to think that people could enhance sagebrush habitat away from all the wells, but Alison, who studied sage-grouse for her master’s thesis and has been immersed in the research and issues for the last 10 years, said there are no studies showing how to produce scraggly 100-year old sagebrush stands.

The millions of dollars in mitigation money cannot be used to study why some sagebrush is not attractive to sage-grouse and what can be done to improve it.

It is conceivable, said Alison, that the few remaining healthy sage-grouse leks in Wyoming could be compromised, forcing the birds to be listed as either threatened or endangered—something neither energy companies nor environmentalists want to see happen.

If sage-grouse become threatened or endangered, it would mean more development restrictions for energy companies and much more work for the environmental community.

Of Wyoming’s total 62 million acres, the federal government owns, and BLM manages, 41 million acres of minerals below the surface (and 18 million acres of the surface).

So far, 14 million acres of federal minerals have been leased for oil and gas. Don’t forget state and private oil and gas leasing because 45 percent of Wyoming’s total oil and 37 percent of its natural gas production comes from them. See BLM’s 2007 annual report at

In the old days, environmental groups would be preparing lawsuits. Instead, Alison and Audubon Wyoming executive director Brian Rutledge came up with the Greater Sage-grouse Species Survival Plan. They have hired Kevin Doherty, who studied sage-grouse for his PhD, to give the issue the necessary rigorous, scientific statistical scrutiny.

The National Audubon Society has taken notice also, and has made sagebrush one of its top conservation concerns.

Key players from federal and state government have been working with energy and environmental groups to figure out how, in the melee of fluid mineral development, we can have our energy and our grouse, too, here in the state with the most grouse habitat of any in the country. And there are other sagebrush species that will benefit.

The highlight of Alison’s presentation was the Steve Chindgren film, “It’s Just Sagebrush,” a half hour un-narrated look at wildlife in the sage over a year’s time. It was filmed mostly between Farson and Pinedale.

If you haven’t yet traveled a two-track, sagebrush tickling the belly of your pickup, pungent sage smell (not the garden variety) wafting through your open window along with a fine wind of dust as you bump over badger holes and glimpse heavy-bodied sage-grouse taking flight, lumbering like World War II bombers, you should see the film.

And then you’ll be interested in Alison and Brian’s plans to begin an e-list to keep you up to date on this issue, letting you know how and when you can be an effective voice for the well-being of an ecosystem.

Contact Alison at

So, is geology destiny? Yes, I think so. While geology (and climate) makes some states suitable for farming, geology has made Wyoming rich in fossil fuels and sagebrush. We just have to choose how to keep both resources valuable.